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zimfw/README.md
Eric Nielsen 238da94b54
v1.10.0
2022-09-27 17:45:16 -05:00

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<p align="center">
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<a href="https://github.com/zimfw/zimfw/blob/master/LICENSE"><img alt="GitHub" src="https://img.shields.io/github/license/zimfw/zimfw"></a>
</p>
<div align="center">
<a href="https://github.com/zimfw/zimfw">
<img width="600" src="https://zimfw.github.io/images/zimfw-banner@2.jpg">
</a>
</div>
What is Zim?
------------
Zim is a Zsh configuration framework that bundles a [plugin manager](#usage),
useful [modules], and a wide variety of [themes], without compromising on [speed].
Check how Zim compares to other frameworks and plugin managers:
<a href="https://github.com/zimfw/zimfw/wiki/Speed">
<img src="https://zimfw.github.io/images/results.svg">
</a>
Table of Contents
-----------------
* [Installation](#installation)
* [Automatic installation](#automatic-installation)
* [Manual installation](#manual-installation)
* [Set up `~/.zshrc`](#set-up-zshrc)
* [Create `~/.zimrc`](#create-zimrc)
* [Usage](#usage)
* [`zmodule`](#zmodule)
* [`zimfw`](#zimfw)
* [Settings](#settings)
* [Uninstalling](#uninstalling)
Installation
------------
Installing Zim is easy. You can choose either the automatic or manual method below:
### Automatic installation
This will install a predefined set of modules and a theme for you.
* With `curl`:
curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/zimfw/install/master/install.zsh | zsh
* With `wget`:
wget -nv -O - https://raw.githubusercontent.com/zimfw/install/master/install.zsh | zsh
Restart your terminal and you're done. Enjoy your Zsh IMproved! Take some time
to tweak your [`~/.zshrc`](#set-up-zshrc) file, and to also check the available
[modules] and [themes] you can add to your [`~/.zimrc`](#create-zimrc).
### Manual installation
1. Set Zsh as the default shell, if you haven't done so already:
```zsh
chsh -s $(which zsh)
````
2. [Set up your `~/.zshrc` file](#set-up-zshrc)
3. [Create your `~/.zimrc` file](#create-zimrc)
4. Restart your terminal and you're done. Enjoy your Zsh IMproved!
#### Set up `~/.zshrc`
Add the lines below to your `~/.zshrc` file, in the following order:
1. To use our `degit` tool by default to install modules:
```zsh
zstyle ':zim:zmodule' use 'degit'
````
This is optional, and only required if you don't have `git` installed (yes,
Zim works even without `git`!)
2. To set where the directory used by Zim will be located:
```zsh
ZIM_HOME=~/.zim
```
The value of `ZIM_HOME` can be any directory your user has write access to.
You can even set it to a cache directory like `${XDG_CACHE_HOME}/zim` or
`~/.cache/zim` if you also include the step below, that automatically
downloads the `zimfw` plugin manager.
3. To automatically download the `zimfw` plugin manager if missing:
```zsh
# Download zimfw plugin manager if missing.
if [[ ! -e ${ZIM_HOME}/zimfw.zsh ]]; then
curl -fsSL --create-dirs -o ${ZIM_HOME}/zimfw.zsh \
https://github.com/zimfw/zimfw/releases/latest/download/zimfw.zsh
fi
```
Or if you use `wget` instead of `curl`:
```zsh
# Download zimfw plugin manager if missing.
if [[ ! -e ${ZIM_HOME}/zimfw.zsh ]]; then
mkdir -p ${ZIM_HOME} && wget -nv -O ${ZIM_HOME}/zimfw.zsh \
https://github.com/zimfw/zimfw/releases/latest/download/zimfw.zsh
fi
```
This is optional. If you choose to not include this step, you should manually
download the `zimfw.zsh` script once and keep it at `${ZIM_HOME}`.
4. To automatically install missing modules and update the static initialization
script if missing or outdated:
```zsh
# Install missing modules, and update ${ZIM_HOME}/init.zsh if missing or outdated.
if [[ ! ${ZIM_HOME}/init.zsh -nt ${ZDOTDIR:-${HOME}}/.zimrc ]]; then
source ${ZIM_HOME}/zimfw.zsh init -q
fi
```
This step is optional, but highly recommended. If you choose to not include
it, you must remember to manually run `zimfw install` every time after you
update your [`~/.zimrc`](#create-zimrc) file.
5. To source the static script, that will initialize your modules:
```zsh
# Initialize modules.
source ${ZIM_HOME}/init.zsh
```
#### Create `~/.zimrc`
You must create your `.zimrc` file at `~/.zimrc`, if the `ZDOTDIR` environment
variable is not defined. Otherwise, it must be at `${ZDOTDIR}/.zimrc`. It's
referred to as `~/.zimrc` in the documentation for the sake of simplicity.
You can start with just:
```zsh
zmodule zsh-users/zsh-syntax-highlighting
zmodule zsh-users/zsh-autosuggestions
```
If you also want one of our prompt [themes]:
```
zmodule asciiship
zmodule zsh-users/zsh-syntax-highlighting
zmodule zsh-users/zsh-autosuggestions
```
If you want to use our [completion] module too, instead of using `compinit` directly:
```zsh
zmodule asciiship
zmodule zsh-users/zsh-completions --fpath src
zmodule completion
zmodule zsh-users/zsh-syntax-highlighting
zmodule zsh-users/zsh-autosuggestions
```
The [completion] module calls `compinit` for you. You should remove any
`compinit` calls from your `~/.zshrc` when you use this module. The modules will
be initialized in the order they are defined, and [completion] must be
initialized *after* all modules that add completion definitions, so it must come
after [zsh-users/zsh-completions].
Check the [`zmodule` usage](#zmodule) below for more examples on how to use it to
define the modules you want to use.
Usage
-----
The `zimfw` plugin manager installs your modules at `${ZIM_HOME}/modules`, and
builds a static script at `${ZIM_HOME}/init.zsh` that will initialize them. Your
modules are defined in your `~/.zimrc` file.
The `~/.zimrc` file must contain `zmodule` calls to define the modules to be
initialized. The initialization will be done in the same order it's defined.
The `~/.zimrc` file is not sourced during Zsh startup, and it's only used to
configure the `zimfw` plugin manager.
Check [examples of `~/.zimrc` files](#create-zimrc) above.
### zmodule
Below are some usage examples:
* A module from the [@zimfw] organization: `zmodule archive`
* A module from another GitHub organization: `zmodule StackExchange/blackbox`
* A module with a custom URL: `zmodule https://gitlab.com/Spriithy/basher.git`
* A module at an absolute path, that is already installed:
`zmodule /usr/local/share/zsh-autosuggestions`
* A module with a custom fpath: `zmodule zsh-users/zsh-completions --fpath src`
* A module with a custom initialization file, and with git submodules disabled:
`zmodule spaceship-prompt/spaceship-prompt --source spaceship.zsh --no-submodules` or
`zmodule spaceship-prompt/spaceship-prompt --name spaceship --no-submodules`
* A module with two custom initialization files:
`zmodule sindresorhus/pure --source async.zsh --source pure.zsh`. Separate
zmodule calls can also be used. In this equivalent example, the second call
automatically discovers the second file to be sourced:
```
zmodule sindresorhus/pure --source async.zsh
zmodule sindresorhus/pure
```
* A module with a custom initialization command:
`zmodule skywind3000/z.lua --cmd 'eval "$(lua {}/z.lua --init zsh enhanced once)"'`
* A module with an on-pull command. It can be used to create a cached initialization script:
`zmodule skywind3000/z.lua --on-pull 'lua z.lua --init zsh enhanced once >! init.zsh'`
* A module with a big git repository: `zmodule romkatv/powerlevel10k --use degit`
* A module with a custom root subdirectory: `zmodule ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh --root plugins/vim-interaction`
* A module with multiple roots:
```
zmodule sorin-ionescu/prezto --root modules/command-not-found
zmodule sorin-ionescu/prezto --root modules/gnu-utility
```
or
```
zmodule ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh --root plugins/perl
zmodule ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh --root plugins/vim-interaction
```
<details id="zmodule-usage">
<summary>Want help with the complete <code>zmodule</code> usage?</summary>
<pre>Usage: <b>zmodule</b> &lt;url&gt; [<b>-n</b>|<b>--name</b> &lt;module_name&gt;] [<b>-r</b>|<b>--root</b> &lt;path&gt;] [options]
Add <b>zmodule</b> calls to your <b>~/.zimrc</b> file to define the modules to be initialized. The initiali-
zation will be done in the same order it's defined.
&lt;url&gt; Module absolute path or repository URL. The following URL formats
are equivalent: <b>foo</b>, <b>zimfw/foo</b>, <b>https://github.com/zimfw/foo.git</b>.
If an absolute path is given, the module is considered externally
installed, and won&apos;t be installed or updated by zimfw.
<b>-n</b>|<b>--name</b> &lt;module_name&gt; Set a custom module name. Use slashes inside the name to organize
the module into subdirectories. The module will be installed at
<b>${ZIM_HOME}/</b>&lt;module_name&gt;. Default: the last component in &lt;url&gt;.
<b>-r</b>|<b>--root</b> &lt;path&gt; Relative path to the module root.
Per-module options:
<b>-b</b>|<b>--branch</b> &lt;branch_name&gt; Use specified branch when installing and updating the module.
Overrides the tag option. Default: the repository default branch.
<b>-t</b>|<b>--tag</b> &lt;tag_name&gt; Use specified tag when installing and updating the module. Over-
rides the branch option.
<b>-u</b>|<b>--use</b> &lt;<b>git</b>|<b>degit</b>&gt; Install and update the module using the defined tool. Default is
either defined by <b>zstyle &apos;:zim:zmodule&apos; use &apos;</b>&lt;<b>git</b>|<b>degit</b>&gt;<b>&apos;</b>, or <b>git</b>
if none is provided.
<b>git</b> requires git itself. Local changes are preserved on updates.
<b>degit</b> requires curl or wget, and currently only works with GitHub
URLs. Modules install faster and take less disk space. Local
changes are lost on updates. Git submodules are not supported.
<b>--no-submodules</b> Don&apos;t install or update git submodules.
<b>-z</b>|<b>--frozen</b> Don&apos;t install or update the module.
The per-module options above are carried over multiple zmodule calls for the same module.
Modules are uniquely identified by their name.
Per-module-root options:
<b>--on-pull</b> &lt;command&gt; Execute command after installing or updating the module. The com-
mand is executed in the module root directory.
<b>-d</b>|<b>--disabled</b> Don&apos;t initialize the module root or uninstall the module.
The per-module-root options above are carried over multiple zmodule calls for the same mod-
ule root.
Per-call initialization options:
<b>-f</b>|<b>--fpath</b> &lt;path&gt; Will add specified path to fpath. The path is relative to the
module root directory. Default: <b>functions</b>, if the subdirectory
exists and is non-empty.
<b>-a</b>|<b>--autoload</b> &lt;func_name&gt; Will autoload specified function. Default: all valid names inside
the <b>functions</b> subdirectory, if any.
<b>-s</b>|<b>--source</b> &lt;file_path&gt; Will source specified file. The path is relative to the module
root directory. Default: <b>init.zsh</b>, if a non-empty <b>functions</b> sub-
directory exists, else the largest of the files matching the glob
<b>(init.zsh|</b>&lt;root_tail&gt;<b>.(zsh|plugin.zsh|zsh-theme|sh))</b>, if any.
<b>-c</b>|<b>--cmd</b> &lt;command&gt; Will execute specified command. Occurrences of the <b>{}</b> placeholder
in the command are substituted by the module root directory path.
I.e., <b>-s &apos;foo.zsh&apos;</b> and <b>-c &apos;source {}/foo.zsh&apos;</b> are equivalent.
Setting any per-call initialization option above will disable the default values from the
other per-call initialization options, so only your provided values will be used. I.e. these
values are either all automatic, or all manual in each zmodule call. To use default values
and also provided values, use separate zmodule calls.
</pre>
</details>
### zimfw
The Zim plugin manager:
* Added new modules to `~/.zimrc`? Run `zimfw install`.
* Removed modules from `~/.zimrc`? Run `zimfw uninstall`.
* Want to update your modules to their latest revisions? Run `zimfw update`.
* Want to upgrade `zimfw` to its latest version? Run `zimfw upgrade`.
* For more information about the `zimfw` plugin manager, run `zimfw help`.
Settings
--------
Modules are installed using `git` by default. If you don't have `git`
installed, or if you want to take advantage of our degit tool for faster and
lighter module installations, you can set degit as the default tool with:
zstyle ':zim:zmodule' use 'degit'
By default, `zimfw` will check if it has a new version available every 30 days.
This can be disabled with:
zstyle ':zim' disable-version-check yes
Uninstalling
------------
The best way to remove Zim is to manually delete `~/.zim`, `~/.zimrc`, and
remove the initialization lines from your `~/.zshenv`, `~/.zshrc` and `~/.zlogin`.
[modules]: https://zimfw.sh/docs/modules/
[themes]: https://zimfw.sh/docs/themes/
[speed]: https://github.com/zimfw/zimfw/wiki/Speed
[@zimfw]: https://github.com/zimfw
[completion]: https://github.com/zimfw/completion
[zsh-users/zsh-completions]: https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-completions