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ultimate-vim/README.md
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![VIM](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/43c5af597bd5c1a64eb1829f011c208f/as/Ultimate%20Vimrc.svg)
# The Ultimate vimrc
Over the last 10 years, I have used and tweaked Vim. This configuration is the ultimate vimrc (or at least my version of it).
There are two versions:
* **The Basic**: If you want something small just copy [basic.vim](https://github.com/amix/vimrc/blob/master/vimrcs/basic.vim) into your ~/.vimrc and you will have a good basic setup
* **The Awesome**: Includes a ton of useful plugins, color schemes, and configurations
I would, of course, recommend using the awesome version.
## How to install the Awesome version?
### Install for your own user only
The awesome version includes a lot of great plugins, configurations and color schemes that make Vim a lot better. To install it simply do following from your terminal:
git clone --depth=1 https://github.com/amix/vimrc.git ~/.vim_runtime
sh ~/.vim_runtime/install_awesome_vimrc.sh
### Install for multiple users
To install for multiple users, the repository needs to be cloned to a location accessible for all the intended users.
git clone --depth=1 https://github.com/amix/vimrc.git /opt/vim_runtime
sh ~/.vim_runtime/install_awesome_parameterized.sh /opt/vim_runtime user0 user1 user2
# to install for all users with home directories
sh ~/.vim_runtime/install_awesome_parameterized.sh /opt/vim_runtime --all
Naturally, `/opt/vim_runtime` can be any directory, as long as all the users specified have read access.
## Fonts
I recommend using [IBM Plex Mono font](https://github.com/IBM/plex) (it's an open-source and awesome font that can make your code beautiful). The Awesome vimrc is already setup to try to use it.
Some other fonts that Awesome will try to use:
* [Hack](http://sourcefoundry.org/hack/)
* [Source Code Pro](https://adobe-fonts.github.io/source-code-pro/)
## How to install the Basic version?
The basic version is just one file and no plugins. Just copy [basic.vim](https://github.com/amix/vimrc/blob/master/vimrcs/basic.vim) and paste it into your vimrc.
The basic version is useful to install on remote servers where you don't need many plugins, and you don't do many edits.
git clone --depth=1 https://github.com/amix/vimrc.git ~/.vim_runtime
sh ~/.vim_runtime/install_basic_vimrc.sh
## How to install on Windows?
Use [gitforwindows](http://gitforwindows.org/) to checkout the repository and run the installation instructions above. No special instructions needed ;-)
## How to install on Linux
If you have vim aliased as `vi` instead of `vim`, make sure to either alias it: `alias vi=vim`. Otherwise, `apt-get install vim`
## How to update to latest version?
Just do a git rebase!
cd ~/.vim_runtime
git pull --rebase
## Some screenshots
Colors when editing a Python file:
![Screenshot 1](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/07583008e4da885801657e8781777844/as/Python%20editing.png)
Opening recently opened files with the [mru.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mru.vim) plugin:
![Screenshot 2](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/1d49a88f9bd5d013c025bb1e1272a7d8/as/MRU%20plugin.png)
[NERD Tree](https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree) plugin in a terminal window:
![Screenshot 3](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/ae719203166585d64728f28398f4b1b7/as/Terminal%20usage.png)
Distraction free mode using [goyo.vim](https://github.com/junegunn/goyo.vim) and [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2):
![Screenshot 4](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/f0dcc4c9739148c56cbf8285a910ac41/as/Zen%20mode.png)
## Included Plugins
I recommend reading the docs of these plugins to understand them better. Each plugin provides a much better Vim experience!
* [ack.vim](https://github.com/mileszs/ack.vim): Vim plugin for `the_silver_searcher` (ag) or ack -- a wicked fast grep
* [bufexplorer.zip](https://github.com/vim-scripts/bufexplorer.zip): Quickly and easily switch between buffers. This plugin can be opened with `<leader+o>`
* [ctrlp.vim](https://github.com/ctrlpvim/ctrlp.vim): Fuzzy file, buffer, mru and tag finder. It's mapped to `<Ctrl+F>`
* [goyo.vim](https://github.com/junegunn/goyo.vim) and [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2):
* [lightline.vim](https://github.com/itchyny/lightline.vim): A light and configurable statusline/tabline for Vim
* [NERD Tree](https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree): A tree explorer plugin for vim
* [mru.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mru.vim): Plugin to manage Most Recently Used (MRU) files. This plugin can be opened with `<leader+f>`
* [open_file_under_cursor.vim](https://github.com/amix/open_file_under_cursor.vim): Open file under cursor when pressing `gf`
* [pathogen.vim](https://github.com/tpope/vim-pathogen): Manage your vim runtimepath
* [snipmate.vim](https://github.com/garbas/vim-snipmate): snipmate.vim aims to be a concise vim script that implements some of TextMate's snippets features in Vim
* [ale](https://github.com/w0rp/ale): Syntax and lint checking for vim (async)
* [vim-commentary](https://github.com/tpope/vim-commentary): Comment stuff out. Use `gcc` to comment out a line (takes a count), `gc` to comment out the target of a motion. `gcu` uncomments a set of adjacent commented lines.
* [vim-expand-region](https://github.com/terryma/vim-expand-region): Allows you to visually select increasingly larger regions of text using the same key combination
* [vim-fugitive](https://github.com/tpope/vim-fugitive): A Git wrapper so awesome, it should be illegal
* [vim-indent-object](https://github.com/michaeljsmith/vim-indent-object): Defines a new text object representing lines of code at the same indent level. Useful for python/vim scripts
* [vim-multiple-cursors](https://github.com/terryma/vim-multiple-cursors): Sublime Text style multiple selections for Vim, CTRL+N is remapped to CTRL+S (due to YankRing)
* [vim-yankstack](https://github.com/maxbrunsfeld/vim-yankstack): Maintains a history of previous yanks, changes and deletes
* [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2) Remove all clutter and focus only on the essential. Similar to iA Writer or Write Room
## Included color schemes
* [peaksea](https://github.com/vim-scripts/peaksea): The default
* [vim-colors-solarized](https://github.com/altercation/vim-colors-solarized)
* [vim-irblack](https://github.com/wgibbs/vim-irblack)
* [mayansmoke](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mayansmoke)
* [vim-pyte](https://github.com/therubymug/vim-pyte)
## Included modes
* [vim-coffee-script](https://github.com/kchmck/vim-coffee-script)
* [vim-less](https://github.com/groenewege/vim-less)
* [vim-bundle-mako](https://github.com/sophacles/vim-bundle-mako)
* [vim-markdown](https://github.com/tpope/vim-markdown)
* [nginx.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/nginx.vim): Highlights configuration files for nginx
* [vim-go](https://github.com/fatih/vim-go)
## How to include your own stuff?
After you have installed the setup, you can create **~/.vim_runtime/my_configs.vim** to fill in any configurations that are important for you. For instance, my **my_configs.vim** looks like this:
~/.vim_runtime (master)> cat my_configs.vim
map <leader>ct :cd ~/Desktop/Todoist/todoist<cr>
map <leader>cw :cd ~/Desktop/Wedoist/wedoist<cr>
You can also install your plugins, for instance, via pathogen you can install [vim-rails](https://github.com/tpope/vim-rails):
cd ~/.vim_runtime
git clone git://github.com/tpope/vim-rails.git my_plugins/vim-rails
## Key Mappings
The [leader](http://learnvimscriptthehardway.stevelosh.com/chapters/06.html#leader) is `,`, so whenever you see `<leader>` it means `,`.
### Plugin related mappings
Open [bufexplorer](https://github.com/vim-scripts/bufexplorer.zip) to see and manage the current buffers (`<leader>o`):
map <leader>o :BufExplorer<cr>
Open [MRU.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mru.vim) to see the recently open files (`<leader>f`):
map <leader>f :MRU<CR>
Open [ctrlp.vim](https://github.com/kien/ctrlp.vim) plugin to quickly find a file or a buffer (`<leader>j` or `<ctrl>f`):
let g:ctrlp_map = '<c-f>'
[NERD Tree](https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree) mappings:
map <leader>nn :NERDTreeToggle<cr>
map <leader>nb :NERDTreeFromBookmark
map <leader>nf :NERDTreeFind<cr>
[goyo.vim](https://github.com/junegunn/goyo.vim) and [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2) lets you only focus on one thing at a time. It removes all the distractions and centers the content. It has a special look when editing Markdown, reStructuredText and textfiles. It only has one mapping. (`<leader>z`)
map <leader>z :Goyo<cr>
### Normal mode mappings
Fast saving of a buffer (`<leader>w`):
nmap <leader>w :w!<cr>
Map `<Space>` to `/` (search) and `<Ctrl>+<Space>` to `?` (backwards search):
map <space> /
map <c-space> ?
map <silent> <leader><cr> :noh<cr>
Disable highlights when you press `<leader><cr>`:
map <silent> <leader><cr> :noh<cr>
Smart way to move between windows (`<ctrl>j` etc.):
map <C-j> <C-W>j
map <C-k> <C-W>k
map <C-h> <C-W>h
map <C-l> <C-W>l
Closing of the current buffer(s) (`<leader>bd` and (`<leader>ba`)):
" Close current buffer
map <leader>bd :Bclose<cr>
" Close all buffers
map <leader>ba :1,1000 bd!<cr>
Useful mappings for managing tabs:
map <leader>tn :tabnew<cr>
map <leader>to :tabonly<cr>
map <leader>tc :tabclose<cr>
map <leader>tm :tabmove
" Opens a new tab with the current buffer's path
" Super useful when editing files in the same directory
map <leader>te :tabedit <c-r>=expand("%:p:h")<cr>/
Switch [CWD](http://vim.wikia.com/wiki/Set_working_directory_to_the_current_file) to the directory of the open buffer:
map <leader>cd :cd %:p:h<cr>:pwd<cr>
Open `ack.vim` for fast search:
map <leader>g :Ack
Quickly open a buffer for scripbble:
map <leader>q :e ~/buffer<cr>
Toggle paste mode on and off:
map <leader>pp :setlocal paste!<cr>
### Visual mode mappings
Visual mode pressing `*` or `#` searches for the current selection:
vnoremap <silent> * :call VisualSelection('f')<CR>
vnoremap <silent> # :call VisualSelection('b')<CR>
When you press gv you `Ack.vim` after the selected text:
vnoremap <silent> gv :call VisualSelection('gv', '')<CR>
When you press `<leader>r` you can search and replace the selected text:
vnoremap <silent> <leader>r :call VisualSelection('replace')<CR>
Surround the visual selection in parenthesis/brackets/etc.:
vnoremap $1 <esc>`>a)<esc>`<i(<esc>
vnoremap $2 <esc>`>a]<esc>`<i[<esc>
vnoremap $3 <esc>`>a}<esc>`<i{<esc>
vnoremap $$ <esc>`>a"<esc>`<i"<esc>
vnoremap $q <esc>`>a'<esc>`<i'<esc>
vnoremap $e <esc>`>a"<esc>`<i"<esc>
### Insert mode mappings
Quickly insert parenthesis/brackets/etc.:
inoremap $1 ()<esc>i
inoremap $2 []<esc>i
inoremap $3 {}<esc>i
inoremap $4 {<esc>o}<esc>O
inoremap $q ''<esc>i
inoremap $e ""<esc>i
inoremap $t <><esc>i
Insert the current date and time (useful for timestamps):
iab xdate <c-r>=strftime("%d/%m/%y %H:%M:%S")<cr>
### Command line mappings
$q is super useful when browsing on the command line. It deletes everything until the last slash:
cno $q <C-\>eDeleteTillSlash()<cr>
Bash like keys for the command line:
cnoremap <C-A> <Home>
cnoremap <C-E> <End>
cnoremap <C-K> <C-U>
cnoremap <C-P> <Up>
cnoremap <C-N> <Down>
Write the file as sudo (works only on Unix). Super useful when you open a file and you don't have permissions to save your changes. [Vim tip](http://vim.wikia.com/wiki/Su-write):
:W
### Spell checking
Pressing `<leader>ss` will toggle spell checking:
map <leader>ss :setlocal spell!<cr>
Shortcuts using `<leader>` instead of special characters:
map <leader>sn ]s
map <leader>sp [s
map <leader>sa zg
map <leader>s? z=
### Cope
Query `:help cope` if you are unsure what cope is. It's super useful!
When you search with `Ack.vim`, display your results in cope by doing:
`<leader>cc`
To go to the next search result do:
`<leader>n`
To go to the previous search results do:
`<leader>p`
Cope mappings:
map <leader>cc :botright cope<cr>
map <leader>co ggVGy:tabnew<cr>:set syntax=qf<cr>pgg
map <leader>n :cn<cr>
map <leader>p :cp<cr>
## How to uninstall
Just do following:
* Remove `~/.vim_runtime`
* Remove any lines that reference `.vim_runtime` in your `~/.vimrc`