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|Solarized Colorscheme for Vim||Precision colors for machines and people||Ethan Schoonover||light yellow||2011 Mar 15||2011 Apr 16|
Solarized Colorscheme for Vim
Developed by Ethan Schoonover firstname.lastname@example.org
Visit the Solarized homepage
See the Solarized homepage for screenshots, details and colorscheme versions for Vim, Mutt, popular terminal emulators and other applications.
The Vim-only repository is kept in sync with the main Solarized repository and is for installation convenience only (with Pathogen or Vundle, for instance). Issues, bug reports, changelogs are centralized at the main Solarized repository.
Option 1: Manual installation
.vim/colorsdirectory. After downloading the vim script or package:
$ cd vim-colors-solarized/colors $ mv solarized.vim ~/.vim/colors/
Option 2: Pathogen installation (recommended)
Download and install Tim Pope's Pathogen.
Next, move or clone the
vim-colors-solarizeddirectory so that it is a subdirectory of the
$ cd ~/.vim/bundle $ git clone git://github.com/altercation/vim-colors-solarized.git
In the parent directory of vim-colors-solarized: $ mv vim-colors-solarized ~/.vim/bundle/
After either Option 1 or Option 2 above, put the following two lines in your .vimrc:
syntax enable set background=dark colorscheme solarized
or, for the light background mode of Solarized:
syntax enable set background=light colorscheme solarized
I like to have a different background in GUI and terminal modes, so I can use the following if-then. However, I find vim's background autodetection to be pretty good and, at least with MacVim, I can leave this background value assignment out entirely and get the same results.
if has('gui_running') set background=light else set background=dark endif
See the Solarized homepage for screenshots which will help you select either the light or dark background.
IMPORTANT NOTE FOR TERMINAL USERS:
If you are going to use Solarized in Terminal mode (i.e. not in a GUI version like gvim or macvim), please please please consider setting your terminal emulator's colorscheme to used the Solarized palette. I've included palettes for some popular terminal emulator as well as Xdefaults in the official Solarized download available from Solarized homepage. If you use Solarized without these colors, Solarized will need to be told to degrade its colorscheme to a set compatible with the limited 256 terminal palette (whereas by using the terminal's 16 ansi color values, you can set the correct, specific values for the Solarized palette).
If you do use the custom terminal colors, solarized.vim should work out of the
box for you. If you are using a terminal emulator that supports 256 colors and
don't want to use the custom Solarized terminal colors, you will need to use
the degraded 256 colorscheme. To do so, simply add the following line before
colorschem solarized line:
Again, I recommend just changing your terminal colors to Solarized values either manually or via one of the many terminal schemes available for import.
Solarized will work out of the box with just the two lines specified above but does include several other options that can be set in your .vimrc file.
Set these in your vimrc file prior to calling the colorscheme. "
|option name default optional|
|g:solarized_termtrans = 0|
|g:solarized_degrade = 0|
|g:solarized_bold = 1|
|g:solarized_underline = 1|
|g:solarized_italic = 1|
|g:solarized_contrast = "normal"|
This is set to 16 by default, meaning that Solarized will attempt to use the standard 16 colors of your terminal emulator. You will need to set those colors to the correct Solarized values either manually or by importing one of the many colorscheme available for popular terminal emulators and Xdefaults.
If you use a terminal emulator with a transparent background and Solarized isn't displaying the background color transparently, set this to 1 and Solarized will use the default (transparent) background of the terminal emulator. urxvt required this in my testing; iTerm2 did not.
Note that on Mac OS X Terminal.app, solarized_termtrans is set to 1 by default as this is almost always the best option. The only exception to this is if the working terminfo file supports 256 colors (xterm-256color).
For test purposes only; forces Solarized to use the 256 degraded color mode to test the approximate color values for accuracy.
g:solarized_bold | g:solarized_underline | g:solarized_italic
If you wish to stop Solarized from displaying bold, underlined or italicized typefaces, simply assign a zero value to the appropriate variable, for example:
Stick with normal! It's been carefully tested. Setting this option to high or low does use the same Solarized palette but simply shifts some values up or down in order to expand or compress the tonal range displayed.
Special characters such as trailing whitespace, tabs, newlines, when displayed using
:set listcan be set to one of three levels depending on your needs. Default value is
Toggle Background Function
Solarized comes with a Toggle Background plugin that by default will map to if that mapping is available. If it is not available you will need to either map the function manually or change your current mapping to something else.
To set your own mapping in your .vimrc file, simply add the following line to support normal, insert and visual mode usage, changing the "" value to the key or key combination you wish to use:
Note that you'll want to use a single function key or equivalent if you want the plugin to work in all modes (normal, insert, visual).
Use folding to view the
solarized.vim script with
I have attempted to modularize the creation of Vim colorschemes in this script and, while it could be refactored further, it should be a good foundation for the creation of any color scheme. By simply changing the sixteen values in the GUI section and testing in gvim (or mvim) you can rapidly prototype new colorschemes without diving into the weeds of line-item editing each syntax highlight declaration.
L*a*b values are canonical (White D65, Reference D50), other values are matched in sRGB space.
SOLARIZED HEX 16/8 TERMCOL XTERM/HEX L*A*B sRGB HSB --------- ------- ---- ------- ----------- ---------- ----------- ----------- base03 #002b36 8/4 brblack 234 #1c1c1c 15 -12 -12 0 43 54 193 100 21 base02 #073642 0/4 black 235 #262626 20 -12 -12 7 54 66 192 90 26 base01 #586e75 10/7 brgreen 240 #4e4e4e 45 -07 -07 88 110 117 194 25 46 base00 #657b83 11/7 bryellow 241 #585858 50 -07 -07 101 123 131 195 23 51 base0 #839496 12/6 brblue 244 #808080 60 -06 -03 131 148 150 186 13 59 base1 #93a1a1 14/4 brcyan 245 #8a8a8a 65 -05 -02 147 161 161 180 9 63 base2 #eee8d5 7/7 white 254 #d7d7af 92 -00 10 238 232 213 44 11 93 base3 #fdf6e3 15/7 brwhite 230 #ffffd7 97 00 10 253 246 227 44 10 99 yellow #b58900 3/3 yellow 136 #af8700 60 10 65 181 137 0 45 100 71 orange #cb4b16 9/3 brred 166 #d75f00 50 50 55 203 75 22 18 89 80 red #dc322f 1/1 red 160 #d70000 50 65 45 220 50 47 1 79 86 magenta #d33682 5/5 magenta 125 #af005f 50 65 -05 211 54 130 331 74 83 violet #6c71c4 13/5 brmagenta 61 #5f5faf 50 15 -45 108 113 196 237 45 77 blue #268bd2 4/4 blue 33 #0087ff 55 -10 -45 38 139 210 205 82 82 cyan #2aa198 6/6 cyan 37 #00afaf 60 -35 -05 42 161 152 175 74 63 green #859900 2/2 green 64 #5f8700 60 -20 65 133 153 0 68 100 60
Copyright (c) 2011 Ethan Schoonover
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.