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# The Ultimate vimrc
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Over the last 8 years I have used and tweaked Vim. This is my Ultimate vimrc.
There are two versions:
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* **Basic**: If you want something small just copy [basic.vim](https://github.com/amix/vimrc/blob/master/vimrcs/basic.vim) into your ~/.vimrc and you will have a great basic setup
* **Awesome**: This includes a ton of useful plugins, color schemes and configurations
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I would of course recommend using the awesome version.c
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## How to install the Awesome version?
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The awesome version includes a lot of great plugins, configurations and color schemes that make Vim a lot better. To install it simply do following:
git clone https://github.com/amix/vimrc.git ~/.vim_runtime
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sh ~/.vim_runtime/install_awesome_vimrc.sh
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I also recommend using [Source Code Pro font from Adobe](http://store1.adobe.com/cfusion/store/html/index.cfm?event=displayFontPackage&code=1960) (it's free and awesome font for writing and programming). The Awesome vimrc is already setup to try to use it
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## How to install the Basic version?
The basic version is basically just one file and no plugins. You can check out [basic.vim](https://github.com/amix/vimrc/blob/master/vimrcs/basic.vim).
This is useful to install on remote servers where you don't need many plugins and you don't do many edits.
git clone git://github.com/amix/vimrc.git ~/.vim_runtime
sh ~/.vim_runtime/install_basic_vimrc.sh
## How to install on Windows?
Use [msysgit](http://msysgit.github.com/) to checkout the repository and run the installation instructions above. No special instructions needed ;-)
## How to update to latest version?
Simply just do a git rebase!
cd ~/.vim_runtime
git pull --rebase
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## Some screenshots
Colors when editing a Python file:
![Screenshot 1](http://files1.wedoist.com/e952fdb343b1e617b90d256e474d0370/as/screenshot_1.png)
Opening recently opened files [mru.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mru.vim):
![Screenshot 2](http://files1.wedoist.com/1967b0e48af40e513d1a464e08196990/as/screenshot_2.png)
[NERD Tree](https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree) plugin in a terminal window:
![Screenshot 3](http://files1.wedoist.com/b1509d7ed9e9f357e8d04797f9fad67b/as/screenshot3.png)
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This vimrc even works on Windows!
![Screenshot 4](http://files1.wedoist.com/4e85163d97b81422240c822c82022f2f/as/screenshot_4.png)
Distraction free mode using [goyo.vim](https://github.com/junegunn/goyo.vim) and [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2):
![Screenshot 5](https://d2dq6e731uoz0t.cloudfront.net/a5182977c3d6c2a6cd3f9e97398ca8ca/as/zen_mode.jpg)
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## Included Plugins
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I recommend reading the docs of these plugins to understand them better. Each of them provide a much better Vim experience!
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* [pathogen.vim](https://github.com/tpope/vim-pathogen): Manages the runtime path of the plugins
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* [snipMate.vim](https://github.com/garbas/vim-snipmate): snipMate.vim aims to be a concise vim script that implements some of TextMate's snippets features in Vim
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* [bufexplorer.zip](https://github.com/vim-scripts/bufexplorer.zip): Buffer Explorer / Browser. This plugin can be opened with `<leader+o>`
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* [NERD Tree](https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree): A tree explorer plugin for vim
* [ack.vim](https://github.com/mileszs/ack.vim): Vim plugin for the Perl module / CLI script 'ack'
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* [ag.vim](https://github.com/rking/ag.vim): A much faster Ack
* [ctrlp.vim](https://github.com/ctrlpvim/ctrlp.vim): Fuzzy file, buffer, mru and tag finder. In my config it's mapped to `<Ctrl+F>`, because `<Ctrl+P>` is used by YankRing
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* [mru.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mru.vim): Plugin to manage Most Recently Used (MRU) files. Includes my own fork which adds syntax highlighting to MRU. This plugin can be opened with `<leader+f>`
* [open_file_under_cursor.vim](https://github.com/amix/open_file_under_cursor.vim): Open file under cursor when pressing `gf`
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* [vim-indent-object](https://github.com/michaeljsmith/vim-indent-object): Defines a new text object representing lines of code at the same indent level. Useful for python/vim scripts
* [vim-multiple-cursors](https://github.com/terryma/vim-multiple-cursors): Sublime Text style multiple selections for Vim, CTRL+N is remapped to CTRL+S (due to YankRing)
* [vim-expand-region](https://github.com/terryma/vim-expand-region): Allows you to visually select increasingly larger regions of text using the same key combination.
* [vim-fugitive](https://github.com/tpope/vim-fugitive): A Git wrapper so awesome, it should be illegal
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* [goyo.vim](https://github.com/junegunn/goyo.vim) and [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2):
Remove all clutter and focus only on the essential. Similar to iA Writer or Write Room [Read more here](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19744)
* [vim-commentary](https://github.com/tpope/vim-commentary): Comment stuff out. Use `gcc` to comment out a line (takes a count), `gc` to comment out the target of a motion. `gcu` uncomments a set of adjacent commented lines.
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* [syntastic](https://github.com/scrooloose/syntastic): Syntax checking hacks for vim
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* [vim-yankstack](https://github.com/maxbrunsfeld/vim-yankstack): Maintains a history of previous yanks, changes and deletes
* [lightline.vim](https://github.com/itchyny/lightline.vim): A light and configurable statusline/tabline for Vim
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## Included color schemes
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* [peaksea](https://github.com/vim-scripts/peaksea): My favorite!
* [vim-colors-solarized](https://github.com/altercation/vim-colors-solarized)
* [vim-irblack](https://github.com/wgibbs/vim-irblack)
* [mayansmoke](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mayansmoke)
* [vim-pyte](https://github.com/therubymug/vim-pyte)
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## Included modes
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* [vim-coffee-script](https://github.com/kchmck/vim-coffee-script)
* [vim-less](https://github.com/groenewege/vim-less)
* [vim-bundle-mako](https://github.com/sophacles/vim-bundle-mako)
* [vim-markdown](https://github.com/tpope/vim-markdown)
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* [nginx.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/nginx.vim): Highlights configuration files for nginx
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* [vim-go](https://github.com/fatih/vim-go)
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## How to include your own stuff?
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After you have installed the setup you can create **~/.vim_runtime/my_configs.vim** to fill in any configurations that are important for you. For instance, my **my_configs.vim** looks like this:
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~/.vim_runtime (master)> cat my_configs.vim
map <leader>ct :cd ~/Desktop/Todoist/todoist<cr>
map <leader>cw :cd ~/Desktop/Wedoist/wedoist<cr>
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You can also install your own plugins, for instance, via pathogen we can install [vim-rails](https://github.com/tpope/vim-rails):
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cd ~/.vim_runtime
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git clone git://github.com/tpope/vim-rails.git sources_non_forked/vim-rails
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Now you have vim-rails installed ;-)
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## Key Mappings
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### Plugin related mappings
Open [bufexplorer](https://github.com/vim-scripts/bufexplorer.zip) and see and manage the current buffers:
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map <leader>o :BufExplorer<cr>
Open [MRU.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mru.vim) and see the recently open files:
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map <leader>f :MRU<CR>
Open [ctrlp.vim](https://github.com/kien/ctrlp.vim) plugin:
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let g:ctrlp_map = '<c-f>'
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Open [PeepOpen](http://topfunky.github.io/PeepOpen/) plugin:
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map <leader>j :PeepOpen<cr>
Managing the [NERD Tree](https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree) plugin:
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map <leader>nn :NERDTreeToggle<cr>
map <leader>nb :NERDTreeFromBookmark
map <leader>nf :NERDTreeFind<cr>
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[goyo.vim](https://github.com/junegunn/goyo.vim) and [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2) lets you only focus on one thing at a time. It removes all the distractions and centers the content. It has a special look when editing Markdown, reStructuredText and textfiles. It only has one mapping.
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map <leader>z :Goyo<cr>
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### Normal mode mappings
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Fast saving of a buffer:
nmap <leader>w :w!<cr>
Treat long lines as break lines (useful when moving around in them):
map j gj
map k gk
Map `<Space>` to `/` (search) and `<Ctrl>+<Space>` to `?` (backwards search):
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map <space> /
map <c-space> ?
map <silent> <leader><cr> :noh<cr>
Disable highlight when `<leader><cr>` is pressed:
map <silent> <leader><cr> :noh<cr>
Smart way to move between windows:
map <C-j> <C-W>j
map <C-k> <C-W>k
map <C-h> <C-W>h
map <C-l> <C-W>l
Closing of current buffer(s):
" Close current buffer
map <leader>bd :Bclose<cr>
" Close all buffers
map <leader>ba :1,1000 bd!<cr>
Useful mappings for managing tabs:
map <leader>tn :tabnew<cr>
map <leader>to :tabonly<cr>
map <leader>tc :tabclose<cr>
map <leader>tm :tabmove
" Opens a new tab with the current buffer's path
" Super useful when editing files in the same directory
map <leader>te :tabedit <c-r>=expand("%:p:h")<cr>/
Switch CWD to the directory of the open buffer:
map <leader>cd :cd %:p:h<cr>:pwd<cr>
Open vimgrep and put the cursor in the right position:
map <leader>g :vimgrep // **/*.<left><left><left><left><left><left><left>
Vimgreps in the current file:
map <leader><space> :vimgrep // <C-R>%<C-A><right><right><right><right><right><right><right><right><right>
Remove the Windows ^M - when the encodings gets messed up:
noremap <leader>m mmHmt:%s/<C-V><cr>//ge<cr>'tzt'm
Quickly open a buffer for scripbble:
map <leader>q :e ~/buffer<cr>
Toggle paste mode on and off:
map <leader>pp :setlocal paste!<cr>
### Insert mode mappings
Quickly insert parenthesis/brackets/etc.:
inoremap $1 ()<esc>i
inoremap $2 []<esc>i
inoremap $3 {}<esc>i
inoremap $4 {<esc>o}<esc>O
inoremap $q ''<esc>i
inoremap $e ""<esc>i
inoremap $t <><esc>i
Insert the current date and time (useful for timestamps):
iab xdate <c-r>=strftime("%d/%m/%y %H:%M:%S")<cr>
### Visual mode mappings
Visual mode pressing `*` or `#` searches for the current selection:
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vnoremap <silent> * :call VisualSelection('f')<CR>
vnoremap <silent> # :call VisualSelection('b')<CR>
When you press gv you vimgrep after the selected text:
vnoremap <silent> gv :call VisualSelection('gv')<CR>
When you press `<leader>r` you can search and replace the selected text:
vnoremap <silent> <leader>r :call VisualSelection('replace')<CR>
Surround the visual selection in parenthesis/brackets/etc.:
vnoremap $1 <esc>`>a)<esc>`<i(<esc>
vnoremap $2 <esc>`>a]<esc>`<i[<esc>
vnoremap $3 <esc>`>a}<esc>`<i{<esc>
vnoremap $$ <esc>`>a"<esc>`<i"<esc>
vnoremap $q <esc>`>a'<esc>`<i'<esc>
vnoremap $e <esc>`>a"<esc>`<i"<esc>
### Command line mappings
$q is super useful when browsing on the command line. It deletes everything until the last slash:
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cno $q <C-\>eDeleteTillSlash()<cr>
Bash like keys for the command line:
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cnoremap <C-A> <Home>
cnoremap <C-E> <End>
cnoremap <C-K> <C-U>
cnoremap <C-P> <Up>
cnoremap <C-N> <Down>
Write the file as sudo (only on Unix). Super useful when you open a file and you don't have permissions to save your changes. [Vim tip](http://vim.wikia.com/wiki/Su-write):
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### Spell checking
Pressing `<leader>ss` will toggle and untoggle spell checking
map <leader>ss :setlocal spell!<cr>
Shortcuts using `<leader>` instead of special chars
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map <leader>sn ]s
map <leader>sp [s
map <leader>sa zg
map <leader>s? z=
### Cope
Do :help cope if you are unsure what cope is. It's super useful!
When you search with vimgrep, display your results in cope by doing:
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To go to the next search result do:
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To go to the previous search results do:
Vimscript mappings:
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map <leader>cc :botright cope<cr>
map <leader>co ggVGy:tabnew<cr>:set syntax=qf<cr>pgg
map <leader>n :cn<cr>
map <leader>p :cp<cr>
## Useful blog tips regarding my Vim setup
* [Vim: Annotate strings with gettext (the macro way)](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19678#Vim-Annotate-strings-with-gettext-the-macro-way)
* [vimgrep: Searching through multiple file extensions](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19672#vimgrep-Searching-through-multiple-file-extensions)
* [Filtering through vimgrep results using regular expressions](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19666#Filtering-through-vimgrep-results-using-regular-expressions)
* [PeepOpen - File auto completion for Mac editors](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19601#PeepOpen-File-auto-completion-for-Mac-editors)
* [Vim 7.3: Persistent undo and encryption!](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19548#Vim-7-3-Persistent-undo-and-encryption)
* [Vim tips: Visual Search](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19334#Vim-tips-Visual-Search)
* [Folding in Vim](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19132#Folding-in-Vim)
* [
Zen room for Vim: Focusing only on the essential](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19744#zenroom-for-Vim-Focsuing-only-on-the-essential)
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## How to uninstall
Do following:
* Remove `~/.vim_runtime`
* Remove any lines that refernce `.vim_runtime` in your `~/.vimrc`