The ultimate Vim configuration: vimrc
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ultimate-vim/README.md

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![VIM](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/43c5af597bd5c1a64eb1829f011c208f/as/Ultimate%20Vimrc.svg)
# The Ultimate vimrc
Over the last 10 years, I have used and tweaked Vim. This configuration is the ultimate vimrc (or at least my version of it).
There are two versions:
* **The Basic**: If you want something small just copy [basic.vim](https://github.com/amix/vimrc/blob/master/vimrcs/basic.vim) into your ~/.vimrc and you will have a good basic setup
* **The Awesome**: Includes a ton of useful plugins, color schemes, and configurations
I would, of course, recommend using the awesome version.
## How to install the Awesome version?
The awesome version includes a lot of great plugins, configurations and color schemes that make Vim a lot better. To install it simply do following from your terminal:
git clone https://github.com/amix/vimrc.git ~/.vim_runtime
sh ~/.vim_runtime/install_awesome_vimrc.sh
I also recommend using [the Hack font](http://sourcefoundry.org/hack/) (it's a free and awesome font designed for source code). The Awesome vimrc is already setup to try to use it.
## How to install the Basic version?
The basic version is just one file and no plugins. Just copy [basic.vim](https://github.com/amix/vimrc/blob/master/vimrcs/basic.vim) and paste it into your vimrc.
The basic version is useful to install on remote servers where you don't need many plugins, and you don't do many edits.
git clone git://github.com/amix/vimrc.git ~/.vim_runtime
sh ~/.vim_runtime/install_basic_vimrc.sh
## How to install on Windows?
Use [msysgit](http://msysgit.github.com/) to checkout the repository and run the installation instructions above. No special instructions needed ;-)
## How to install on Linux
If you have vim aliased as `vi` instead of `vim`, make sure to either alias it: `alias vi=vim`. Otherwise, `apt-get install vim`
## How to update to latest version?
Just do a git rebase!
cd ~/.vim_runtime
git pull --rebase
## Some screenshots
Colors when editing a Python file:
![Screenshot 1](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/07583008e4da885801657e8781777844/as/Python%20editing.png)
Opening recently opened files with the [mru.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mru.vim) plugin:
![Screenshot 2](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/1d49a88f9bd5d013c025bb1e1272a7d8/as/MRU%20plugin.png)
[NERD Tree](https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree) plugin in a terminal window:
![Screenshot 3](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/ae719203166585d64728f28398f4b1b7/as/Terminal%20usage.png)
Distraction free mode using [goyo.vim](https://github.com/junegunn/goyo.vim) and [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2):
![Screenshot 4](https://dnp4pehkvoo6n.cloudfront.net/f0dcc4c9739148c56cbf8285a910ac41/as/Zen%20mode.png)
## Included Plugins
I recommend reading the docs of these plugins to understand them better. Each plugin provides a much better Vim experience!
* [ack.vim](https://github.com/mileszs/ack.vim): Vim plugin for `the_silver_searcher` (ag) or ack -- a wicked fast grep
* [bufexplorer.zip](https://github.com/vim-scripts/bufexplorer.zip): Quickly and easily switch between buffers. This plugin can be opened with `<leader+o>`
* [ctrlp.vim](https://github.com/ctrlpvim/ctrlp.vim): Fuzzy file, buffer, mru and tag finder. It's mapped to `<Ctrl+F>`
* [goyo.vim](https://github.com/junegunn/goyo.vim) and [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2):
* [lightline.vim](https://github.com/itchyny/lightline.vim): A light and configurable statusline/tabline for Vim
* [NERD Tree](https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree): A tree explorer plugin for vim
* [mru.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mru.vim): Plugin to manage Most Recently Used (MRU) files. This plugin can be opened with `<leader+f>`
* [open_file_under_cursor.vim](https://github.com/amix/open_file_under_cursor.vim): Open file under cursor when pressing `gf`
* [pathogen.vim](https://github.com/tpope/vim-pathogen): Manage your vim runtimepath
* [snipmate.vim](https://github.com/garbas/vim-snipmate): snipmate.vim aims to be a concise vim script that implements some of TextMate's snippets features in Vim
* [syntastic](https://github.com/scrooloose/syntastic): Syntax checking hacks for vim
* [vim-commentary](https://github.com/tpope/vim-commentary): Comment stuff out. Use `gcc` to comment out a line (takes a count), `gc` to comment out the target of a motion. `gcu` uncomments a set of adjacent commented lines.
* [vim-expand-region](https://github.com/terryma/vim-expand-region): Allows you to visually select increasingly larger regions of text using the same key combination
* [vim-fugitive](https://github.com/tpope/vim-fugitive): A Git wrapper so awesome, it should be illegal
* [vim-indent-object](https://github.com/michaeljsmith/vim-indent-object): Defines a new text object representing lines of code at the same indent level. Useful for python/vim scripts
* [vim-multiple-cursors](https://github.com/terryma/vim-multiple-cursors): Sublime Text style multiple selections for Vim, CTRL+N is remapped to CTRL+S (due to YankRing)
* [vim-yankstack](https://github.com/maxbrunsfeld/vim-yankstack): Maintains a history of previous yanks, changes and deletes
Remove all clutter and focus only on the essential. Similar to iA Writer or Write Room [Read more here](http://amix.dk/blog/post/19744)
## Included color schemes
* [peaksea](https://github.com/vim-scripts/peaksea): The default
* [vim-colors-solarized](https://github.com/altercation/vim-colors-solarized)
* [vim-irblack](https://github.com/wgibbs/vim-irblack)
* [mayansmoke](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mayansmoke)
* [vim-pyte](https://github.com/therubymug/vim-pyte)
## Included modes
* [vim-coffee-script](https://github.com/kchmck/vim-coffee-script)
* [vim-less](https://github.com/groenewege/vim-less)
* [vim-bundle-mako](https://github.com/sophacles/vim-bundle-mako)
* [vim-markdown](https://github.com/tpope/vim-markdown)
* [nginx.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/nginx.vim): Highlights configuration files for nginx
* [vim-go](https://github.com/fatih/vim-go)
## How to include your own stuff?
After you have installed the setup, you can create **~/.vim_runtime/my_configs.vim** to fill in any configurations that are important for you. For instance, my **my_configs.vim** looks like this:
~/.vim_runtime (master)> cat my_configs.vim
map <leader>ct :cd ~/Desktop/Todoist/todoist<cr>
map <leader>cw :cd ~/Desktop/Wedoist/wedoist<cr>
You can also install your plugins, for instance, via pathogen you can install [vim-rails](https://github.com/tpope/vim-rails):
cd ~/.vim_runtime
git clone git://github.com/tpope/vim-rails.git sources_non_forked/vim-rails
## Key Mappings
The [leader](http://learnvimscriptthehardway.stevelosh.com/chapters/06.html#leader) is `,`, so whenever you see `<leader>` it means `,`.
### Plugin related mappings
Open [bufexplorer](https://github.com/vim-scripts/bufexplorer.zip) to see and manage the current buffers (`<leader>o`):
map <leader>o :BufExplorer<cr>
Open [MRU.vim](https://github.com/vim-scripts/mru.vim) to see the recently open files (`<leader>f`):
map <leader>f :MRU<CR>
Open [ctrlp.vim](https://github.com/kien/ctrlp.vim) plugin to quickly find a file or a buffer (`<leader>j` or `<ctrl>f`):
let g:ctrlp_map = '<c-f>'
[NERD Tree](https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree) mappings:
map <leader>nn :NERDTreeToggle<cr>
map <leader>nb :NERDTreeFromBookmark
map <leader>nf :NERDTreeFind<cr>
[goyo.vim](https://github.com/junegunn/goyo.vim) and [vim-zenroom2](https://github.com/amix/vim-zenroom2) lets you only focus on one thing at a time. It removes all the distractions and centers the content. It has a special look when editing Markdown, reStructuredText and textfiles. It only has one mapping. (`<leader>z`)
map <leader>z :Goyo<cr>
### Normal mode mappings
Fast saving of a buffer (`<leader>w`):
nmap <leader>w :w!<cr>
Map `<Space>` to `/` (search) and `<Ctrl>+<Space>` to `?` (backwards search):
map <space> /
map <c-space> ?
map <silent> <leader><cr> :noh<cr>
Disable highlights when you press `<leader><cr>`:
map <silent> <leader><cr> :noh<cr>
Smart way to move between windows (`<ctrl>j` etc.):
map <C-j> <C-W>j
map <C-k> <C-W>k
map <C-h> <C-W>h
map <C-l> <C-W>l
Closing of the current buffer(s) (`<leader>bd` and (`<leader>ba`)):
" Close current buffer
map <leader>bd :Bclose<cr>
" Close all buffers
map <leader>ba :1,1000 bd!<cr>
Useful mappings for managing tabs:
map <leader>tn :tabnew<cr>
map <leader>to :tabonly<cr>
map <leader>tc :tabclose<cr>
map <leader>tm :tabmove
" Opens a new tab with the current buffer's path
" Super useful when editing files in the same directory
map <leader>te :tabedit <c-r>=expand("%:p:h")<cr>/
Switch [CWD](http://vim.wikia.com/wiki/Set_working_directory_to_the_current_file) to the directory of the open buffer:
map <leader>cd :cd %:p:h<cr>:pwd<cr>
Open `ack.vim` for fast search:
map <leader>g :Ack
Quickly open a buffer for scripbble:
map <leader>q :e ~/buffer<cr>
Toggle paste mode on and off:
map <leader>pp :setlocal paste!<cr>
### Visual mode mappings
Visual mode pressing `*` or `#` searches for the current selection:
vnoremap <silent> * :call VisualSelection('f')<CR>
vnoremap <silent> # :call VisualSelection('b')<CR>
When you press gv you `Ack.vim` after the selected text:
vnoremap <silent> gv :call VisualSelection('gv', '')<CR>
When you press `<leader>r` you can search and replace the selected text:
vnoremap <silent> <leader>r :call VisualSelection('replace')<CR>
Surround the visual selection in parenthesis/brackets/etc.:
vnoremap $1 <esc>`>a)<esc>`<i(<esc>
vnoremap $2 <esc>`>a]<esc>`<i[<esc>
vnoremap $3 <esc>`>a}<esc>`<i{<esc>
vnoremap $$ <esc>`>a"<esc>`<i"<esc>
vnoremap $q <esc>`>a'<esc>`<i'<esc>
vnoremap $e <esc>`>a"<esc>`<i"<esc>
### Insert mode mappings
Quickly insert parenthesis/brackets/etc.:
inoremap $1 ()<esc>i
inoremap $2 []<esc>i
inoremap $3 {}<esc>i
inoremap $4 {<esc>o}<esc>O
inoremap $q ''<esc>i
inoremap $e ""<esc>i
inoremap $t <><esc>i
Insert the current date and time (useful for timestamps):
iab xdate <c-r>=strftime("%d/%m/%y %H:%M:%S")<cr>
### Command line mappings
$q is super useful when browsing on the command line. It deletes everything until the last slash:
cno $q <C-\>eDeleteTillSlash()<cr>
Bash like keys for the command line:
cnoremap <C-A> <Home>
cnoremap <C-E> <End>
cnoremap <C-K> <C-U>
cnoremap <C-P> <Up>
cnoremap <C-N> <Down>
Write the file as sudo (works only on Unix). Super useful when you open a file and you don't have permissions to save your changes. [Vim tip](http://vim.wikia.com/wiki/Su-write):
:W
### Spell checking
Pressing `<leader>ss` will toggle spell checking:
map <leader>ss :setlocal spell!<cr>
Shortcuts using `<leader>` instead of special characters:
map <leader>sn ]s
map <leader>sp [s
map <leader>sa zg
map <leader>s? z=
### Cope
Query `:help cope` if you are unsure what cope is. It's super useful!
When you search with `Ack.vim`, display your results in cope by doing:
`<leader>cc`
To go to the next search result do:
`<leader>n`
To go to the previous search results do:
`<leader>p`
Cope mappings:
map <leader>cc :botright cope<cr>
map <leader>co ggVGy:tabnew<cr>:set syntax=qf<cr>pgg
map <leader>n :cn<cr>
map <leader>p :cp<cr>
## How to uninstall
Just do following:
* Remove `~/.vim_runtime`
* Remove any lines that reference `.vim_runtime` in your `~/.vimrc`